Section 3: naming ionic compounds chapter 5: molecules and compounds learning goals distinguish between common and systematic names for. Everett community college tutoring center student support services program name the following ionic compounds: 1) tise. How to name and write forumlas for chemical compounds. According to the nomenclature recommended by iupac, ionic compounds are named according to their composition, not their.
Naming ionic compounds with two elements to name a compound that contains two elements identify the cation and anion mame the cation first followed by. Reciting the names of ionic compounds may seem a daunting task however, there are a few simple rules you can use in memorizing the most. Before naming a compound, you have to figure out what kind of compound it is ionic compounds are formed when a metal gives up its electrons to a non-metal. This lesson concentrates on teaching students to name and create formulas for ionic compounds with transition metals and group 1 and 2 metals it uses a.
After learning a few more details about the names of individual ions, you will be a step away from knowing how to name ionic compounds. The table to the left here is a table of the most common polyatomic ions that you would see in most frequently while dealing with polyatomic ions before we. Rules 1 the cation (positive ion) is named first, the anion second 2 monoatomic cations take the element name na+ -- sodium ca2+ -- calcium 3. Practice naming ionic compounds when given the formula.
Ionic compounds are compounds consisting of ions two-element compounds are usually ionic when one element is a metal and the other is a non-metal. Ionic compound formulas wwwlab-initiocom ions cation: a positive ion mg2+ , cation first, then anion monatomic cation = name of the element ca2+. Lesson 2: naming compounds and writing formulae key points: 1 identify a compound as ionic or molecular 2 write formulae and proper names for.
Describes binary ionic compound and nomenclature rules 6 the following episode looks at the steps involved with naming binary ionic compounds we look. Ionic compounds consist of cations (positive ions) and anions (negative ions) ionic compound nomenclature or naming is based on the names. Nomenclature of ionic compounds ionic compounds compounds are two or more elements that are held together by opposite charge attraction.
Naming ionic compounds chemical reactions occur when atoms gain, lose, or share electrons metals nonmetals metals. Names and formulas of ionic compounds 1 objectives relate a formula unit of an ionic compound to its composition write formulas for. We begin with binary ionic compounds, which contain only two elements the procedure for naming such compounds is outlined in figure 210 and uses the. Monoatomic anions (negative) have the suffix -ide and come at the end of the compound's name.
Naming cations, anions, and simple ionic compounds such as potassium chloride. If the compound is ionic, then the name of the cation (usually metal) comes first, followed by the 'compound' name of the anion to find the compound name of. In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound in which ions are held together in a lattice structure by ionic bonds usually, the positively charged. A)rbbr - rubidium bromide b)k2s - potassium sulfide c)beo - beryllium oxide d) na3n - sodium nitride a)nh4cl - ammonium chloride b)lioh.
When naming ionic compounds, the cation retains the same name as the element the anion's name is similar to the elemental name, but the ending of the . Main-group nonmetals (groups iva, va, via, and viia) polyatomic ions writing formulas of ionic compounds nomenclature of ionic and covalent compounds. An important part of dealing with chemical compounds is knowing how to refer to them learn how to name all ionic compounds, including simple.